Science Behind Chiropractor Techniques for Back Pain

Back Pain

Chiropractic care is an ancient healing method. However, it has only recently regained popularity. While is it considered a complementary medical treatment, when treating back pain chiropractors use techniques that are scientifically-based. Here is some of the science behind chiropractic techniques for relieving back pain.

The Structure of the Spine

Your spine is made of many components which all work together to help your body move. The spinal cord is surrounded by vertebrae which interlock to form an S-shaped curve. Between each of these vertebrae are soft spinal discs that contain nutrients, act as shock absorbers and provide mobility to the spine.

There are three main regions of the spine: cervical, thoracic, and lumbar. Each area is responsible for various functions and provides mobility to different areas of the body. Pain, stiffness, and immobility occur when any of the vertebrae along the spine become injured or misaligned.

Causes of Back Pain

There are many causes of back pain from conditions such as arthritis, spondylosis, sudden trauma, sport injuries to name a few. But, they can generally be categorized into three types of conditions: subluxation, degeneration, and inflammation.

Subluxation, also known as misalignment, occurs when a vertebra moves out of its proper position. Degenerative problems occur when joints and connective tissues become worn either from age, overuse, disease, or other stressors. Inflammation occurs when the body’s natural immune response is overactive after trauma or disease, and this causes swelling and immobility.

Chiropractic Techniques for Back Pain

Chiropractic techniques for back pain involve realigned the spine through manual adjustments as well as other therapies.

Spinal Manipulation

Depending on the source of the back pain, there are several techniques that a chiropractor may use to realign the spine.

Spinal manipulation uses controlled but sudden thrusting force to push or “pop” misaligned vertebrae back into position. The different positions that the chiropractor places the patient into help to direct the force properly.

Spinal Traction

Spinal traction is a technique that is recommended for patients with disc degeneration, herniated discs, or sciatica.

Spinal traction can be performed manually or mechanically with a stretching apparatus to lengthen and decompress the spine, essentially reverse the negative effects of gravity on the spine. This allows the chiropractor to restore the spinal discs to their proper position and function and improve overall spinal health.

Massage Therapy

Tight muscles can form “knots” which can put pressure on nerves or restrict mobility and cause pain. This occurs when the muscles are overstimulated through physical stress, tension or injury.

Massage therapy works to relieve tension in muscles and connective tissue by manually stretching and lengthening the muscle fibers and fascia. There are various techniques used to achieve this according to the nature and severity of the underlying condition.

Cox Technique

The Cox technique is a relatively new method which uses a specially designed sectioned table that allows the chiropractor to administer flexion-distraction (bending the spine inward and outward), decompress the spinal discs and widen the spinal canal for better mobility and reduced pain and tension.

Final Thoughts

Chiropractic care for back pain is a traditional healing philosophy that has a modern science-based foundation. For relief from back pain chiropractors in Waterford MI can help you to find the best treatment for your condition and put you on the path to a pain-free life.

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